Our Norwegian Heritage : Norway: Geography Overall Dimensions: Fjords: Glaciers: Climate: Area Mean Climate Annual West coast 45 F (7 C) marine over 80 inches Eastern inland under 30 inches Elevation:
From Northeast to Southwest, the length of
Norway is approximately 1,100 miles. At the widest, the
width is 267 miles. The coastline' length is almost
impossible to measure as it is heavily indented with
fjords and includes many islands. Norway covers an area
slightly exceeding 125,000 square miles.
Fjords are ocean inlets that were caused by
glacier movement. They often are deeper in their middle
and upper reaches than at the ocean. The Oslo Fjord is on
the southern coast of Norway. The Sogn Fjord on the west
is Norways longest and deepest fjord and the Hardanger
Fjord in the southwest is the second largest.
There are probably over 1,500. glaciers in
Norway today and they cover an area of over 1,000 square
miles. These glaciers are NOT left over from the last
ice-age but instead have mostly been formed in the last
2000 years with the size decreasing in the last century.
Although it is essentially at the same latitude
as Alaska, the Gulf Stream brings a warmer climate to
Norway. This keeps the fjords from freezing, even in the
Arctic Finnmark region. Even more important are the
southerly air currents brought in above these warm
waters, especially during the winter.
Only 20% of Norway lies below 500 feet and most
of this is valleys or low hills. There are mountains,
high plains, and plateaus accounting for the rest of the
Our Norwegian Heritage :
45 F (7 C)
over 80 inches
under 30 inches
Woldhagen Family Site